The following apparatus are used in Rhythmic Gymnastics....
The Ball is made out of a synthetic rubber material and is 18 - 20cm in diameter. It should rest in the gymnasts hand and not rest against the wrist or be able to be regrasped. Fundamental elements include throwing, bouncing and rolling. The gymnast must use both hands, work on the whole floor area, whilst showing continuous flowing movement.
The rope may be composed of hemp or of synthetic material which retains the qualities of lightness and suppleness. Fundamental requirements include leaps over the rope and skipping. Other elements include swings, throws, circles, rotations and figures of eight. The rope must be held lightly so that all movements and characteristics of this apparatus may be performed. These may be performed with the rope open, or folded, in one or two hands, or in several directions.
The hoop may be composed of plastic or wood. Fundamental requirements include rotation around the hands or body and rolling. Swings, circles, figures of 8, throws passes through and over are other elements which should be included. Continuity, amplitude and variety in the speed and execution of the various dance steps, hops and jumps are necessary to achieve balance in the composition. Because of its size (80 - 90cm), technical handling is difficult.
The ribbon is 6m long and is made from silk or synthetic material. Movements should be large , smooth and flowing. It requires a degree of coordination to form the spirals and circles, as any knots which form in the ribbon are penalised. Fundamental elements include swings, circles, serpants and spirals.
The clubs are made of wood or synthetic material and are characterised by rhythmical tapping. Movements of the clubs should follow the natural movement of the body. Fundamental elements include mills and small circles. Other elements include swings, circles, asymetrical movements, throwing and catching. They must be used in both hands and in one hand. It is one of the more difficult pieces of apparatus and requires a great deal of practice to master.